United States

Special Event Station W4C – Marking the 100th anniversary of WMC – Memphis’ first full-service radio station.

Brandon Jordan, K2SWL, and I, Jim Pogue, KH2AR, will be operating Special Event Station W4C – Marking the 100th anniversary of WMC – Memphis’ first full-service radio station. The station will operate from Jan. 20 – Feb. 2, 2023.

WMC Radio, Memphis’ first full-service radio station, began regularly scheduled broadcasting on Jan. 20, 1923, from the top floor of The Commercial Appeal newspaper building in downtown Memphis. Listeners enjoyed a full range of musical expression along with news, sports and information. On Jan. 23, 1927, WMC gave the Mid-South its first network programs when it affiliated with the National Broadcasting Co. Although Memphis was racially segregated at the time, early programs featured late night concerts from blues singers. Bessie Smith performed at WMC in October of 1923. During the catastrophic Mississippi River floods of 1927 and 1937, WMC broadcast 24-hours daily information for steamboats, disaster relief agencies and refugees. In the 1930s WMC also operated 250-watt Apex station W4XCZ on 31,600 kHz. Originally licensed to operate on both 750 and 619 kHz, WMC now transmits on 790 kHz.

We look forward to contacting fellow hams worldwide, and will be operating on CW, SSB and FT-8 modes.
We are having a nice QSL card printed and will be happy to confirm all QSOs as well as SWL reports.

Jim Pogue to MWDX – The National Radio Club FB group (2023-01-19)

United States

License cancelled 1/10/2023: WKPR-1440 Kalamazoo, Michigan

“WKPR (1440 AM) was a radio station that had served the KalamazooMichigan area.
WKPR Kalamazoo began its broadcast life in 1960. An unusual result of the FCC hearing ahead of its creation was that two radio station licenses were granted at the same time: WKPR (1420 kHz), Kalamazoo, and WDOW (1440 kHz), a new service to Dowagiac. Both stations were constructed in 1960. They remained affiliates for many years. WKPR programming was a mix of Christian music and Bible teaching. WDOW programming was similar, but did have secular music segments at some times of day. In the late 1990s, WDOW (by then an AM/FM station) was sold, and by 2012, WDOW and WDOW-FM had different owners.
At the same time, WKPR had been looking for a way to increase in power. This was not feasible at 1420 kHz. However, a substantial power increase would work at 1440 kHz. The engineers found that the former affiliate WDOW (1440 kHz) would need to be moved to Kalamazoo. Overtures were made to the owner of WDOW (1440 kHz). A sale agreement was made. Upon FCC approval, WKPR relinquished 1420 kHz and began broadcasting on 1440 kHz at the Kalamazoo location. Early in 2012, power went from 1000 watts to 2700 watts. Late in 2012, WKPR extended its programming further through the purchase and construction of an FM translator. The system was engineered so that the translator could be located at the WKPR site. The FM translator (w286au) located at 105.1 FM simulcasts 24 hours a day with WKPR.
WKPR and its FM translator continues to offer Christian programming to the Kalamazoo Area. WKPR has always been a sister station to WFUR in Grand Rapids.
As of late July 2022, the 105.1 FM simulcast was broken, and a small country music station out of Grand Rapids called “Jethro FM” began broadcasting on it. As of early August 2022, WKPR-AM was reported as being silent.
The license was cancelled on January 10, 2023.
Wikipedia

Dennis Gibson to irca iog (2023-01-13)

United States

Not exactly mediumwave, but the beginning of our hobby.

This day in history – Samuel Morse unveils the telegraph, revolutionizing communication.
1838 January 6

On January 6, 1838, Samuel Morse’s telegraph system is demonstrated for the first time at the Speedwell Iron Works in Morristown, New Jersey. The telegraph, a device which used electric impulses to transmit encoded messages over a wire, would eventually revolutionize long-distance communication, reaching the height of its popularity in the 1920s and 1930s.

Samuel Finley Breese Morse was born April 27, 1791, in Charlestown, Massachusetts. He attended Yale University, where he was interested in art, as well as electricity, still in its infancy at the time. After college, Morse became a painter. In 1832, while sailing home from Europe, he heard about the newly discovered electromagnet and came up with an idea for an electric telegraph. He had no idea that other inventors were already at work on the concept.

Morse spent the next several years developing a prototype and took on two partners, Leonard Gale and Alfred Vail, to help him. In 1838, he demonstrated his invention using Morse code, in which dots and dashes represented letters and numbers. In 1843, Morse finally convinced a skeptical Congress to fund the construction of the first telegraph line in the United States, from Washington, D.C., to Baltimore. In May 1844, Morse sent the first official telegram over the line, with the message: “What hath God wrought!”

Over the next few years, private companies, using Morse’s patent, set up telegraph lines around the Northeast. In 1851, the New York and Mississippi Valley Printing Telegraph Company was founded; it would later change its name to Western Union. In 1861, Western Union finished the first transcontinental line across the United States. Five years later, the first successful permanent line across the Atlantic Ocean was constructed and by the end of the century telegraph systems were in place in Africa, Asia and Australia.

Because telegraph companies typically charged by the word, telegrams became known for their succinct prose–whether they contained happy or sad news. The word “stop,” which was free, was used in place of a period, for which there was a charge. In 1933, Western Union introduced singing telegrams. During World War II, Americans came to dread the sight of Western Union couriers because the military used telegrams to inform families about soldiers’ deaths.

Over the course of the 20th century, telegraph messages were largely replaced by cheap long-distance phone service, faxes and email. Western Union delivered its final telegram in January 2006.

Samuel Morse died wealthy and famous in New York City on April 2, 1872, at age 80.
https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/morse-demonstrates-telegraph?cmpid=email-hist-tdih-2023-0106-01062023&om_rid=

Mike Terry to WOR iog (2023-01-06)

Morocco

Google translation

Morocco on longwave.
Medi 1 is always present on longwave, thanks to its Selouane station, located 18 kilometers south of Nador and west of the Algerian border. It covers Morocco, Algeria and the west of the Mediterranean basin, to the south of France. It uses the frequency of 171 kHz, which had been assigned by the Geneva plan (1975) to Morocco.Radio Méditerranée Internationale Médi 1 was born in 1980: Hassan II decided to create a commercial Franco-Moroccan radio station and entrusted the management of the project to the French company SOFIRAD.
The radio now depends on the SNRT group. Retrofitted in 2010, the transmitter would consist of 4 Thomson Broadcast S7HP 400 kW.
Morocco’s second longwave transmitter is located in Démnate, 7 km south of Azilal in the High Atlas. After several failures, the transmitter was out of service since mid-2017.
However, SNRT had not given up on reactivating the station to broadcast its Al Idaa Al Watania program, which is its reference generalist radio.
In 2017, calls for tenders were launched for “the supply, installation and commissioning of an AM/DRM radio transmitter with a power of 800 kW configured in two blocks of 400 kW including its accessories”. Another tender notice concerned “maintenance and repair work on the 300m high radiant tower, including its accessories.”
Due to the lack of bidders, the bid opening date has been postponed. We ended up believing that the SNRT had given up on its project to rehabilitate its long-wave transmitter center.
In recent weeks several people have been excited to see a new call for tenders for the “supply of modules and spare parts for 2 x 400 kW AM radio transmitters for Thomson S7 HP”.
Unfortunately, it is more than uncertain: this tender concerns parts for the 2,400 kW medium wave transmitters at Ait Melloul, south of Agadir, which were installed in 2015 by the Arilis group. The second bad news is that the call for bids, whose opening was to take place on November 15, 2022, was a failure: the deputy director of Operations and Maintenance could only point out that no response was received.
This is a worrying sign, when one knows how difficult it is to still obtain spare parts for high-power transmitters.
Riz, Thomson, Transradio… the European manufacturers of high power transmitters have already disappeared or have been absorbed by companies that are no longer very interested in this range of products. It’s not much better in the United States, Radio Romania International regularly pays the price.
In the absence of a manufacturer’s delivery, power tubes, power modules and capacitors can be ordered in China, where they are produced by the piece… at exorbitant prices, very long delivery times and often , with a quality that leaves something to be desired.
This does not bode well for the rest of the fleet of seventeen longwave transmitters still in service and medium wave transmitters.
For broadcasters, this is certainly not the time to invest in renovating the installation, turning to Nautel, which has become the largest manufacturer of transmitters of this type.

Zach Liang to WOR iog (022-12-29)

United States

WGY [810 kHz] in Schenectady, N.Y., celebrated its centennial birthday this year, one of several dozen pioneer broadcasting stations that crossed the 100-year finish line in 2022.

Though all these stations are notable for their endurance and importance to the industry, WGY stands tall for contributing to the science of broadcasting, particularly in its first decade of its operation. For that reason Radio World is ending the year with this special photo essay about the station.

WGY began life as the flagship station of the General Electric Company, operating from G.E.’s massive campus in Schenectady. At that time, G.E. was a veritable cradle of radio technology, and WGY was nursed by some of the world’s most capable engineers and scientists, among them Dr. E.F.W. Alexanderson, Dr. Charles Steinmetz, Irving Langmuir and A.D. Ring. 

The whole story here https://www.radioworld.com/columns-and-views/roots-of-radio/wgy-a-centennial-radio-station?

By John Schneider, Radio World (2022-12-21)

Germany

Yesterday the old antenna at Göttingen/Nikolausberg has been demolished.
From there is the information that it was on air on MW in the 50s and 60s.

“13. Dezember 1950: Heute Abend um 18 Uhr ist der Sender Göttingen des Nordwestdeutschen Rundfunks bei Nikolausberg versuchsweise in Betrieb genommen worden. Der sendet auf der Wellenlänge 202 m (Mittelwelle), vorerst nur zwei Stunden täglich, von 18 bis 20 Uhr. “
http://wiki-goettingen.de/index.php/1950
http://wiki-goettingen.de/index.php?title=G%C3%B6ttinger_Rundfunksender
In the 70s the insulator has been removed and the mast was modified for VHF (FM radio) and TV broadcast. It has been switched off in 1974:
https://forum.digitalfernsehen.de/threads/kdg-erweitert-angebot-in-2007.131729/page-212#post-2103974

Marco (2022-12-15)

Brazil

A solemn session in honor of 100 years radio jubilee in Brazil, celebrated in September, was held on Tuesday (Nov. 22) in the House of Representatives, in Brasilia.
The head of Empresa Brasil de Comunicação (EBC), Glen Valente, pointed out in his speech the evolution of the vehicle throughout the years and the new instruments added such as streaming channels [data transmission over the Internet] and podcasts , for example.
Valente talked about the work of Rádio Nacional da Amazônia, which broadcasts in short waves to that region, and mentioned the broadcaster’s social function, which he compared to a kind of “WhatsApp of the Amazon”. Since communication via telephone or internet is still precarious in some locations in the Amazon, EBC`s head explained that many listeners send messages to their relatives and friends through airwaves.
According to Valente, the radio continues and will always be a platform that everyone has to keep on investing in because it will always exist. “The other platforms will be added to the radio – an older instrument of communication in Brazil,” he said.

Brazil has more than ten thousand active radio stations.
https://agenciabrasil.ebc.com.br/en/politica/noticia/2022-11/chamber-honors-100-years-radio-brazil
Agência Brasil – Brasília 23 November 2022.

Mike Terry to nordx iog (2022-11-23)

United Kingdom

BBC‘s first transmission was on 360 meters (=832.756 kHz) according to this notice in The Times November 14th, 1922 / Ed

Svenn Martinsen to Arctic Radio Club FB group (2022-11-14)